Một số chữ viết tắt tiếng Anh thường dùng trong Hàng hải

AAAA = ALWAYS AFLOAT ALWAYS ACCESSIBLE

AAOSA = ALWAYS AFLOAT OR SAFELY AGROUND

ACOD = AFTER COMPLETION OF DISCHARGE

ACOL = AFTER COMPLETION OF LOADING

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ADA = ALL DETAILS ABOUT

A/E = ACCEPT/EXCEPT

AFF = AFTER FULLY FIXING

AFMT = AFTER FIXING MAIN TERMS

AHL = ALTERNATIVE HOLD LOAD

AHL = AUSTRALIAN HOLD LADDERS

AOH = AFTER OFFICE HOURS

APS = ARRIVAL PILOT STATION

APS = ALL PURPOSES

APT = AFT PEAK TANK

AQIS = AUSTRALIAN QUARANTINE INSPECTION SERVICE

ARA = ANTWERP / ROTTERDAM / AMSTERDAM

ATA = ACTUAL TIME OF ARRIVAL

ATB = ACTUAL TIME OF BERTHING

ATDNSHINC = ANY TIME DAY OR NIGHT SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS INCLUDED

ATS = ALL TIME SAVED

ATUTC = ACTUAL TIME USED TO COUNT

AWIWL = ALWAYS WITHIN INSTITUTE WARRANTY LIMITS

BAF = BUNKER ADJUSTMENT FACTOR

BB = BALLAST BONUS

BBB= BEFORE BREAKING BULK

BBC = BAREBOAT CHARTER

BCI = BALTIC CAPESIZE INDEX

BDI = BATIC DRY INDEX

BDI = BOTH DATES INCLUSIVE

BDMT = BOND DRIED METRIC TONNE

BE = BOTH ENDS

BHP = BRAKE HORSE POWER

BIMCO = BALTIC AND INTERNATIONAL MARITIME CONFERENCE

BL = BILL OF LADING

BOD = BUNKER ON DELIVERY

BOD = BOARD OF DIRECTORS

BOP = BALANCE OF PERIOD

BOR = BUNKER ON REDELIVERY

BPI = BALTIC PANAMAX INDEX

BSI = BALTIC SUPRAMAX INDEX

BT = BERTH TERMS

BTB = BACK TO BACK

BTW = BY THE WAY

BW = BRACKISH WATER

CAF = CURRENCY ADJUSTMENT FACTOR

CBT = CLEAN BALLAST TANK

CHABE = CHARTERERS AGENTS BOTH ENDS

CIF = COST INSURANCE & FREIGHT

CJK = CHANGJIANGKOU

CKD = COMPLETELY KNOCKED DOWN

COA = CONTRACT OF AFFREIGHTMENT

COB = CLOSE OF BUSINESS

COD = CASH ON DELIVERY

COGSA = CARRIAGE OF GOODS BY SEA ACT

CP = CHARTER PARTY

CQD = CUSTOMARY QUICK DESPATCH

CV = CONSECUTIVE VOYAGES

CV = CURRICULUM VITAE

C/V/E = COMMUNICATION / VICTUALLING / ENTERTAINMENTS

D/A = DISBURSEMENT ACCOUNTS

DBCT = DALRYMPLE BAY COAL TERMINAL

DD = DRY-DOCKING

DHD = DESPATCH HALF DEMURRAGE

DIOT = DAY INCLUDING OVERTIME

DLOSP = DROPPING LAST OUTWARD SEA PILOT

DNRVAOCLONL = DISCOUNTLESS NON-RETURNABLE VESSEL AND/OR CARGO LOST OR

NOT LOST

DO = DELIVERY ORDER

DOC = DOCUMENTS OF COMPLIANCE

DWAT = DEADWEIGHT ALL TOLD

DWCC = DEADWEIGHT CARGO CAPACITY

DWT = DEADWEIGHT TONNAGE

EIU = EVEN IF USED

ETA = EXPECTED/ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL

ETCD = EXPECTED/ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION OF DISCHARGE

ETCL = EXPECTED/ESTIMATED TIME OF COMPLETION OF LOADING

ETD = EXPECTED/ESTIMATED TIME OF DEPARTURE

ETR = EXPECTED/ESTIMATED TIME OF READINESS

FAS = FREE ALONGSIDE SHI

FCC = FIRST CLASS CHARTERERS

F/D/D = FREIGHT / DEAD-FREIGHT / DEMURRAGE

FDEDANRSAOCLONL = FREIGHT DEEMED EARNED, DISCOUNTLESS AND NON-RETURNABLE SHIP AND/OR CARGO LOST OR NOT LOST

FFA = FORWARD FREIGHT AGREEMENT

FHINC = FRIDAYS AND HOLIDAYS INCLUDED

FILO = FREE IN LINER OUT

FIOST = FREE IN OUT STOWED AND TRIMMED

FLT = FULL LINER TERMS

FME = FORCE MAJEURE EXCEPTED

FMP = FLOW MOISTURE POINT

F/N = FIXTURE NOTE

FOB = FREE ON BOARD

FONASBA = FEDERATION OF NATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS OF SHIP-BROKERS AND AGENTS

FP = FREE PRATIQUE

FPT = FORE PEAK TANK

FWA = FRESH WATER ALLOWANCE

FWAD = FRESH WATER ARRIVAL DRAFT

FWDD = FRESH WATER DEPARTURE DRAFT

GA = GENERAL ARRANGEMENT (PLAN)

GA = GENERAL AVERAGE

G/B = GRAIN/BALE

GBFS = GRANULATED BLAST FURNACE SLAG

GMT – GREEN METRIC TON

GMT = GREENWICH MEAN TIME

GRT = GROSS REGISTERED TON / TONNAGE

GSB = GOOD SAFE BERTH

GSP = GOOD SAFE PORT

HBI = HOT BRIQUETTED IRON

H/H = HOLD/HATCH

HMS = HEAVY METAL SCRAP

HRC = HOT ROLLED COIL

HVR = HAGUE-VISBY RULES

HW = HIGH WATER

IAC = INCLUDING ADDRESS COMMISSION

IACS = INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLASSIFICATION SOCIETIES

IAGW = IF ALL GOING WELL

ICS = THE INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED SHIPBROKERS

ILOHC = IN LIEU OF HOLD CLEANING

IMDG = INTERNATIONAL MARITIME DANGEROUS GOODS CODE

IMO = INTER-GOVERNMENTAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION

IMO = INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION

IOF = IRON ORE FINE

ISPS = INTERNATIONAL SHIPS & PORT SECURITY SYSTEM

ITF = INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT WORKERS FEDERATION

IUATUTC = IF USED ACTUAL TIME USED TO COUNT

IUHTAUTC = IF USED HALF TIME ACTUALLY USED TO COUNT

IWL = INSTITUTE WARRENTY LIMITS

LBP = LENGTH BETWEEN PERPENDICULARS

LL = LADEN LEG

LLP = LLOYD’S LAW REPORTS

LMAA = LONDON MARITIME ARBITRATORS ASSOCIATION

LOA = LENGTH OVERALL

LOF = LLOYDS OPEN FORM

LOI = LETTER OF INDEMNITY

LO/LO = LIFT-ON/LIFT-OFF

LR = LLOYD’S REGISTER

L/S = LUMPSUM

L/S/D = LASHING / SECURING / DUNNAGE

LT = LOCAL TIME

LTSBE = LAYTIME SAVED BOTH ENDS

M/E = MAIN ENGINE

MOA = MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT

MOLCO = MORE OR LESS CHARTERERS OPTION

MOLOO = MORE OR LESS OWNERS OPTION

MPP = MULTI-PURPOSES

M/R = MATE’S RECEIPT

MT = METRIC TON

MV = MOTOR VESSEL

NAABSA = NOT ALWAYS AFLOAT BUT SAFELY AGROUND

NB = NEW BUILDING

NCV = NO COMMERCIAL VALUE

NDAS = NO DIESEL AT SEA

NM = NAUTICAL MILE

NOR = NOTICE OF READINESS

NRT = NETT REGISTERED TON / TONNAGE

NTC EIU = NOT TO COUNT EVEN IF USED

NYPE = NEW YORK PRODUCE EXCHANGE

O/A = ON/ABOUT

OAP = OVER-AGED PREMIUM

OBO = ORE/BULK/OIL CARRIER

P&I = PROTECTION AND INDEMNITY

PBG = PERFORMANCE BANK GUARANTEE

PDPR = PER DAY PRO RATA

P/E = PURCHASE ENQUIRY

PF CP = PROFORMA CHARTER PARTY

PG = PERSIAN GULF

PHPD = PER HATCH PER DAY

PICO = PORT IN CHARTERERS OPTION

PMO = PASSING MUSCAT OUTWARD

PMPR = PER MONTH PRO RATA

PNC = PRIVATE AND CONFIDENTIAL

PPP = PURCHASING POWER PARITY

PSC = PORT STATE CONTROL

PWWD = PER WEATHER WORKING DAY

ROB = REMAINING ON BOARD

RO/RO = ROLL-ON ROLL-OFF

RPM = REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE

RV = ROUND VOYAGE

SAFE = STATE ADMINISTRATION OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE

SASHEX = SATURDAY AFTERNOON SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS EXCEPTED / EXCLUDED

SBM = SINGLE BUOY MOORING

SBM = SOYBEAN MEAL

SBP = SAFE BERTH PORT

SBT = SEGREGATED BALLAST TANK

SDBC = SINGLE DECK BULK CARRIER

SDR = SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT

SF = STOWAGE FACTOR

SG = SPECIFIC GRAVITY

SHEX = SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS EXCEPTED / EXCLUDED

SHINC = SUNDAYS AND HOLIDAYS INCLUDED

SINCHEX = SUNDAYS INCLUDED HOLIDAYS EXCLUDED

SMC = SAFETY MANAGEMENT CERTIFICATE

SOF = STATEMENT OF FACTS

S/R = SIGNING/RELEASING

SS = SPECIAL SURVEY

SSW = SUMMER SEA WATER

STBC = SELF TRIMMING BULK CARRIER

SWAD = SEA WATER ARRIVAL DRAFT

SWL = SAFE WORKING LOAD

TBA = TO BE ADVISED

TBF = TO BE FOR

TBMA = TO BE MUTUALLY AGREED

TBN = TO BE NOMINATED / NOTIFIED

TBRN = TO BE RE-NAMED

TC = TIME CHARTER

TCE = TIME CHARTER EQUIVALENT

TCT = TIME CHARTER TRIP

TIP = TAKING INWARD PILOT

TML = TRANSPORTABLE MOISTURE LIMIT

TO = TOP OFF

TPC = TONNE PER CENTIMETRE (IMMERSION)

TPI = TONNE PER INCH (IMMERSION)

TT = TURN TIME

UCAE = UNFORESEEN CIRCUMSTANCES ALWAYS EXCEPTED

UKC = UNDER KEEL CLEARANCE

USC = UNLESS SOONER COMMENCED

UU = UNLESS USED

UUIWCTAUTC = UNLESS USED IN WHICH CASE TIME ACTUALLY USED TO COUNT

UW = UNIT WEIGHT

VC = VOYAGE CHARTER

VLOC = VERY LARGE ORE CARRIER

WCYO = WHAT CAN YOU OFFER

WCYP = WHAT CAN YOU PROPOSE

WIBON = WHETHER IN BERTH OR NOT

WICCON = WHETHER IN CUSTOM CLEARANCE OR NOT

WIFPON = WHETHER IN FREE PRACTIQUE OR NOT

WIPON = WHETHER IN PORT OR NOT

WLTHC = WATER LINE TO TOP OF HATCH-COAMING

WOG = WITHOUT GUARANTEE

WP = WEATHER PERMITTING

WTS = WORKING TIME SAVED

WW = WORLDWIDE

WWR = WHEN WHERE READY

WWWW = WIBON / WIPON / WICCON / WIFPON

XMBT = EXCLUDING MOTOR BLOCK TURNING

YAR = YORK ANTWERP RULES

YCDBBSOYB = YOU CAN’T DO BUSINESS BY SITTING ON YOUR BUM